Worker Wellness Information Bulletin

Safety Alert Type: 
Other
Location: 
Province of BC
Date of Incident / Close Call: 
2009-07-30
Company Name: 
Worker Wellness
Details of Incident / Close Call: 

 

Diabetes

Diabetes is a chronic disease where the body, specifically cells in the pancreas, is not able to produce any or enough insulin for the body’s needs. Insulin acts like a key for sugars, allowing the sugars to move from the blood and into the cells where the sugars can be used for energy. There are two main types of diabetes Type 1 and Type 2.

  •   Type 1 diabetes
    • The body for some reason destroys the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin.
  • Type 2 diabetes
    • The body is not able to produce enough insulin or the body’s cells become resistant to insulin
  • Gestational diabetes is another form of Type 2 diabetes that happens when a woman is pregnant
    • Having gestational diabetes increases the risk for the mother and baby to develop type 2 diabetes later on
    • Typically after giving birth the diabetes resolves but it can become Type 2 diabetes in the mother

 

Learnings and Suggestions: 

There are different treatment options depending on the severity of diabetes. Changes to diet and exercise should occur to prevent diabetes from getting worse; it is possible that after losing weight and by having healthy diet Type 2 diabetes can resolve.

Sometimes the only change needed is to increase exercise and eat a healthier diet to control diabetes. In combination with diet and exercise there are different drugs that can be taken. There are medications that increase the ability of the body to absorb insulin and there are drugs that cause the cells in the pancreas to produce more insulin. If diabetes continues to progress then insulin may have to also be used to keep sugar levels stable. Keeping sugar levels stable is a key part of good health.  

For more information on this submitted alert: 

The Canadian Diabetes Association www.diabetes.ca

File attachments
Worker Wellness Information Bulletin - Diabetes.pdf
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